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The Pediatrics Center: What You Need to Know About Pediatric Pneumonia

Pneumonia refers to the infection of the lungs which is very dangerous for children, but prompt medical intervention can help the morbidity and mortality rate associated with the disease. When it comes to the different types of virus that cause pneumonia, they include parainfluenza, influenza virus, adenovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus. It can also be caused by bacterial infections. The virus or bacteria can be spread from one person to another through direct contact with the mucus or saliva of the infected person and via coughing. Many parents still believe that pneumonia can be contracted when the child is exposed to cool air temperature, improper or the back soaked with sweat, because the fact is that pneumonia commonly occurs during fall, winter, and early spring when children spend more time indoors having closer contact with other people.

When it comes to the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, they include fever, coughing, fast and labored breathing, sweating, chills, wheezing, widening of the nostrils, and bluish tint of the lips or nails. Chest x-ray is needed to determine the extent of lung infection. Avoid giving your child over-the-counter cough suppressants like dextromethorpan because coughing is needed to clear the excessive secretions produced by the lungs, and viral infection does not need any specific treatment other than fever control and rest. It is important to follow the exact dosage of antibiotics prescribed by the pediatrician and never discontinue even if your child feels better to prevent recurrence. You need to have your child checked by a trusted and experienced pediatrician such as one in Summit Pediatrics NJ at The Pediatric Center as soon as you are suspecting pneumonia.

It is crucial to check back with your pediatrician if your child manifests any of the following signs and symptoms: fever lasting for more than a few days despite antibiotics intake, breathing difficulties, or evidence of other body part infection (swollen joints, neck stiffness, bone pain, and vomiting). Prevention is better than cure so have your child vaccinated against pneumococcal infections. This vaccine is usually given at four, six, and twelve to fifteen months. For children at high risk of developing invasive pneumococcal infection such as those with sickle cell anemia, heart disease, lung disease, kidney failure, organ transplant, or HIV, they need pneumococcal polysaccharide or PPV23 from 24 to 29 months of age.

Learn more about pediatric health on this website, and get to know the Pediatric Center in New Jersey providing providence childbirth classes. Contact us now for more details! Children are precious gifts and we need to take good care of them, most especially their health, so if you suspect pneumonia, contact a pediatrician right away. The Pediatric Center is willing to help you out.

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